Peshawar Islamicus http://ojs.uopisl.pk/index.php/peshawarislamicus <p>Peshawar Islamicus is an International peer reviewed, Open Access, , bi-annual research journal. Its domain is Islamic Studies, theology &amp; Arabic and we encourage submissions related to the contemporary challenges by the Muslim Ummah. Our focus lies in the spreading of true progressive moderate and adoptive picture of Islam that embraces diversity and difference. The essence of Islam lies in peace and tolerance.</p> <p>More specifically, Peshawar Islamicus takes regular submissions from academic professionals and researchers belongs to Uloom e Quran, Hadith and Rules of Hadith, Seerat e Nabvi, Jurisprudence, Islamic History, Comparative Jurisprudence, Comparative Study of Religion, Anti Extremism, Social Sciences and related disciplines.</p> <p>With this aim the articles may be addressed to any related issues – social, economic, political, technological, theological - falling in the domain of theology and Islam. Our mission is to create awareness and spread the authentic teachings of Islam. Today Peshawar Islamicus is the luminary in the research world due to the acumen of its valued contributors and their high - quality research parameters that make it what it is.</p> University of Peshawar en-US Peshawar Islamicus 2305-154X <p>This journal permits and encourages authors to post items submitted to the journal on personal websites or institutional repositories both prior to and after publication, while providing bibliographic details that credit, if applicable, its publication in this journal.</p> غزہ میں فلسطینی مسلمانوں کی نسل کشی اور عالمی کردار: تجزیاتی مطالعہ http://ojs.uopisl.pk/index.php/peshawarislamicus/article/view/130 <p>&nbsp;Children, women, youth, and old people of Gaza are facing terrible and implausible inhuman circumstances at the hands of the Israeli army. Since the surprise attack of Hamas on October 7, 2023, the Israeli army has continued to attack the Palestinian territories, during which more than 11,000 people have died and more than 50% of the buildings in Gaza have been reduced to rubble. &nbsp;Organized actions against Muslims of Gaza (Palistine) such as massacre is being carried out by Zionist Israelies under the umberella of America.In fact, and Muslims of Gaza are victim of genocide international crime. Genocide was announced international crime in the UN Genocide Convention in 1948. International crime of Genocide is taking place in Gaza. Unfortunately, No practical attempt is being made by international community to prevent the Israel`s violations of International law of genocide. Therefore, the situation of the Gaza Muslims is getting worse day by day. This study explores that why Israel violating international laws of human rights and what is role of international community to stop genocide in Gaza? In fact, America and other western powers are supporting Israeli Prime Minister Natenyahu to kill Paletinian people. No doubt, Zionist army of Israel is openly violating the human rights of Gaza Muslims under the umbrella. Whereas the Muslim world and OIC seem powerless to stop it.The main objective of the research study to provide an analysis of ongoing Palestanian Muslims genocide by Israel in Gaza and international role.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dr.Farhat Alvi Dr.Abdul Manan Cheema Copyright (c) 2023 Peshawar Islamicus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-25 2023-12-25 14 02 1 16 شیخ القرآن مولانا عبدالہادی ؒکی تفسیر ’’البرھان فی مشکلات القرآن‘‘ کی روشنی میں قصۂ حضرت موسی اور حضرت خضر علیہماالسلام کا اسلوبی وتقابلی جائزہ http://ojs.uopisl.pk/index.php/peshawarislamicus/article/view/141 <p>The story of Moosa (A.S) and Khazir (A.S), also known as Musa and Khizr in Islamic tradition, is a significant tale mentioned in the Quran. It revolves around the encounter between the prophet Musa (Moses) and the mysterious figure, Khazir (Khidr).In the story, Moosa (A.S) is recognized as a prophet, and he seeks to learn from someone who possesses more knowledge of divine mysteries than he does. Allah directs him to Khazir (A.S), a wise and knowledgeable man. Moosa (A.S) humbly requests to accompany Khazir (A.S) to gain wisdom from him. Throughout their journey together, Khazir performs actions that initially seem strange and unjust. He sinks a boat, kills a young boy, and repairs a wall in a town that didn't welcome them. Moosa (A.S) is puzzled and questions Khazir’s (A.S) actions, as they appear to be cruel and irrational. However, each action has hidden wisdom and serves a greater purpose, known only to Khazir (A.S), who is divinely guided by Allah. These acts teach Moosa (A.S) important lessons about faith, patience, and the divine wisdom behind seemingly unfavorable events.The story of Moosa (A.S) and Khazir (A.S) highlights the idea that divine wisdom often surpasses human understanding, and there is much to learn from individuals who possess deeper insights into spiritual matters. It emphasizes the importance of humility and trust in Allah's wisdom, even when things may appear perplexing to us.</p> Ziaulhaq Dr. Ishfaq Ali Copyright (c) 2023 Peshawar Islamicus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-25 2023-12-25 14 02 17 31 الشورى و آ ثارها الاجتماعية في ضوء القرآن الكريم http://ojs.uopisl.pk/index.php/peshawarislamicus/article/view/131 <p>Consultation (Shura) is one of the most essential aspects of human nature, and Allah, the Almighty, has commanded it, as He said: وَشَاوِرْهُمْ فِى الاَمْرِ "And consult them in the matter" . The nation is involved in this matter, and Allah, the Almighty, has included it among the qualities of the believers, stating: وَالَّذِينَ اسْتَجَابُوا لِرَبِّهِمْ وَاَقَامُوا الصَّلاَةَ وَاَمْرُهُمْ شُورَي بَيْنَهُمْ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ "And those who have responded to their Lord and established prayer, and their affairs are [settled] by mutual consultation, and from what We have provided them, they spend”.</p> <p>The principle of consultation, our call to it, and the practice of the believers originate from the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Prophet. I wished to write a brief article on this important topic, which humanity needs in all aspects of their lives. I attempted to address this subject in the light of the Holy Quran and the Prophetic tradition when necessary, hoping for the satisfaction of Allah Almighty and that those who read it may benefit.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Shukrullah Mukhlis Mohammad Taher Abdul Zaher Al-Afghani Copyright (c) 2023 Peshawar Islamicus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-11 2023-12-11 14 02 1 26 حقيقة علـم القـراءات ومراحله التاريخية التي مر بها http://ojs.uopisl.pk/index.php/peshawarislamicus/article/view/132 <p>Qira'at is a science among the sciences of the Holy Quran that investigates the pronunciation of the words of Allah and their variations among the accredited reciters. It is derived from the legal basis indicated by the authentic hadiths of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him. Qira'at reflects the diversity of the Arabic language and the vast mercy of Allah in facilitating recitation for Muslims.</p> <p>Qira'at encompasses language, assimilation, gathering, recitation, pronunciation, and understanding. These meanings are found in language dictionaries, grammar books, and morphology texts. The Quran is named as such because it gathers and compiles its chapters. The term is used in the Quran to mean recitation, pronunciation, and understanding, as seen in verses such as وَرَتِّلِ الْقُرْآنَ تَرْتِيلًا "And recite the Quran with measured recitation" and وَإِذَا قُرِئَ الْقُرْآنُ فَاسْتَمِعُوا لَهُ وَأَنْصِتُوا لَعَلَّكُمْ تُرْحَمُونَ "And when the Quran is recited, then listen to it and pay attention that you may receive mercy, and أَفَلَا يَتَدَبَّرُونَ الْقُرْآنَ أَمْ عَلَى قُلُوبٍ أَقْفَالُهَا Then do they not reflect upon the Quran, or are there locks upon [their] hearts.</p> <p>Qira'at, as a term, refers to the method followed by an imam among the imams of recitation in pronouncing the Quran, with consensus in narrations and methods, whether the deviation is in the pronunciation of letters or in the pronunciation of their forms. It is a science that teaches how to perform the words of the Quran and their variations with a continuous chain of transmission and hearing.</p> Dr. Fasihullah Abdul Baqi Abdul Malik saqib Copyright (c) 2023 Peshawar Islamicus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-11 2023-12-11 14 02 26 44 نبذة عن حياة الشيخ محمد أسد رحمه الله http://ojs.uopisl.pk/index.php/peshawarislamicus/article/view/136 <p><em>Muhammad Asad (Leopold Weiss) was born in the city of Lwów, eastern Galicia, on July 2, 1900.</em><em>His birth was during the era of the Austrian Empire, which straddled Europe. There is no doubt that the vast area of the Austrian Empire, and its distinctive location on part of the Danube River, made it a meeting place for the religions, languages, and cultures of many peoples who inhabited that region and its surroundings. This imperial climate had an impact on the formation of Muhammad Asad’s cultural, intellectual, and linguistic background, as he mastered many languages, such as: German and Polish.</em><em>Perhaps Muhammad Asad's (Leopold Weiss) openness to cultures and his deep understanding of the Jewish and Christian religions were a product of that environment in which he lived.</em><em>Sheikh Muhammad Asad is a unique example of a diligent Islamic preacher who devoted his life to calling people to Islam, and made his mission in life upholding the word of truth and empowering Islam in the hearts of his followers before his lands and homelands. His sincerity in his call and his diligence in his message had the greatest impact on many people rallying around him and joining under the banner of his thought, which transcended the borders of nationalism and the scope of the place, to become a global shepherd of Islam everywhere. Rather, his works and writings went beyond the borders of the place and beyond the confines of the language, and were translated into most languages. The world, to remain a renewed source for his intellectual and advocacy giving, which has gone beyond the stage of verbal advocacy and intellectual theorizing to the field of practical application of Islamic legislation in governance, leadership, and dealings. One of the greatest blessings of God upon His servant is the blessing of openness to Islam, as God Almighty selects for this blessing (i.e., faith) whomever He wills. Of His servants, so He made it easy for him and opened his heart to accept it, made it easy for him, and made it easy for him with his grace, generosity, and kindness to him, and benevolence towards him. Then Islam would be enlightened in his heart, and it would shine through it and his chest would expand for it.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><a href="#_ftnref1" name="_ftn1"></a></p> Rabia Unber Malik Dr Junaid Hashimi Copyright (c) 2023 Peshawar Islamicus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-25 2023-12-25 14 02 45 57 القواعد الدعوية للداعي في ضوء تفسير التذكيرالقويم لوحيد الدين خان http://ojs.uopisl.pk/index.php/peshawarislamicus/article/view/137 <p><em>Tazkeer Ul Quran is the combination of orthodox and modernist interpretation and has deeply influenced modern Islamic thought. It differs from traditional exegeses in several ways. It is more than a traditional commentary on the scripture as it contains discussions and debates regarding economics, sociology, history, and politics. In his text, Dr Waheed Ul din khan highlights Quranic perspective and argues that Islam provides ample guidance in all spheres.</em><em> Dr Waheed Ul Din Khan uses the standard technique of providing an explanation of the Quranic verses from the Sunnah of Muhammed, including the historical reasons behind the verses. Tazkeer Ul Quran deals extensively with issues faced by the modern world in general and the Muslim community. And He did not believe in nationalism based on homeland, blood, language, or food, according to some customs of the Indian subcontinent, or the government, or other slogans that have no value to him. Rather, the concept of nationalism for him is based on religion. He felt that quite a few new scholars and intellectuals were influenced by his Dawah, so he directed his Dawah to them to establish the Islamic group. </em></p> <p><em>For&nbsp; the&nbsp; past&nbsp; few&nbsp; centuries,&nbsp; Muslims&nbsp; have&nbsp; been&nbsp; engaged&nbsp; in&nbsp; efforts&nbsp; to&nbsp; revive&nbsp; and implement&nbsp; the&nbsp; Islamic&nbsp; system&nbsp; around&nbsp; the&nbsp; world.&nbsp; These revival and constructive efforts can be divided into several dimensions. One form of these revival efforts is to strive for the establishment of Islamic government, the implementation of the Islamic system, and the establishment of Islamic religion throughout the world.&nbsp; Among many&nbsp; others&nbsp; Maulana&nbsp; Wahiduddin&nbsp; Khan&nbsp; is&nbsp; also&nbsp; well-known&nbsp; in&nbsp; the&nbsp; sub-continent due&nbsp; to&nbsp; his&nbsp; thoughts&nbsp; and&nbsp; practical&nbsp; efforts&nbsp; regarding&nbsp; Farizah&nbsp; Iqamat&nbsp; e&nbsp; Deen.&nbsp; His concern&nbsp; regarding&nbsp; the&nbsp; obligation&nbsp; of&nbsp; Iqamah&nbsp; Deen&nbsp; is&nbsp; different&nbsp; from&nbsp; other&nbsp; Muslim thinkers of the subcontinent. This paper analyses his thoughts about Farizah Aqamat e Deen. According to him the meaning of Iqamat e Deen is not to establish the deen, but to preserve the established.&nbsp; According to other thinkers, it means both to establish and keep the established.&nbsp; For him the main purpose of Prophets is not to perform Farizah Aqamat e Deen. It’s not obligatory for Muslims to make efforts for the establishment of Islamic system in the whole world.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><a href="#_ftnref1" name="_ftn1"></a></p> Sidra Mehwish Dr. Tahir Siddique Copyright (c) 2023 Peshawar Islamicus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-25 2023-12-25 14 02 58 74 تحديات المرأة في الغرب http://ojs.uopisl.pk/index.php/peshawarislamicus/article/view/138 <p><a href="#_ftn2" name="_ftnref2"></a></p> <p><a href="#_ftn2" name="_ftnref2"></a></p> <p><em>Parise to be Allah and Peace on Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) and all of his companions. After that:</em><em>There are many challenges to women in the west from Western society because there is clear difference between Western and eastern society. The west dose not see women like east. In the west society faces many challenges such as sexual harassment and aversion to the hijab.</em><em>The west sees a narrow view of the hijab.</em> <em>Western have an aversion about hijab, not about hijab but also about Muslim women. They have freedom with out limit. And they have co. Education and co. Work places. There are some challenges to women in the west from Western society. </em><em>&nbsp;&nbsp;Challenges of Western society’s view of Muslim women.</em><em> Challenges </em><em>of the place and nature of work for Muslim women</em><em>Challenge</em><em>s of changing environment and culture for Muslim women</em><em>But the most important of them is” hijab” because it a fundamental Challenge and it applies specially with women. women&nbsp; have a big problem, how they cover themselves in western society , how they work with hijab, how they maintain the hijab and so on. </em></p> <p><a href="#_ftn2" name="_ftnref2"></a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><a href="#_ftnref1" name="_ftn1"></a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Neelam Shad Dr Zaheer-ud-Din Bahram Copyright (c) 2023 Peshawar Islamicus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-25 2023-12-25 14 02 75 91 الأسماء الممدودة في الاَحاديث النبوي(صحيح البخاري) http://ojs.uopisl.pk/index.php/peshawarislamicus/article/view/134 <p><strong>A</strong>rabic is a language of Arab nation, it has become religious language of Muslim all over globe. At the same schedule, it is primarily academic language for about1000years.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Understanding the Arabic language with grammar and tajweed&nbsp; &nbsp;however requires the comprehensive knowledge, So, Arabic grammar is observed as only basic demand for the Arabic faculty. &nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The aim of this learning was effectiveness of reading or we can say speaking. We grasp the length of word in reading by Asma &nbsp;&nbsp;Al &nbsp;&nbsp;Mamdoeda. These words are only noun but not verbs. These words are found in&nbsp;&nbsp; Hadiths</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; .صحيح البخاري in&nbsp; رسول<strong>صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ </strong><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</strong><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;</strong><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;</strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;First of all&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; discuss the rules of Mamdooeda &nbsp;&nbsp;with detail. Secondly explain those Hadiths Rasool &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;which have these words, &nbsp;&nbsp;At &nbsp;&nbsp;the &nbsp;farthest study, the researcher permit the proposal and directions to get the better of &nbsp;&nbsp;difficulties related to Arabic grammar for understand the Quran and Hadiths. Arabic grammar is most important for Hadiths like Quran, because all books of Hadiths in Arabic Language. &nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dr Azmat Jabeen Dr. Noor Zaman Copyright (c) 2023 Peshawar Islamicus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-18 2023-12-18 14 02 92 104 الترادفات بین الرواية العربية دعاء الكروان ورواية الأردية قریة الله (خدا کی بستی)(دراسة مقارنة) http://ojs.uopisl.pk/index.php/peshawarislamicus/article/view/139 <p>Synonyms: is similarity or identicalness in meaning, and synonymous words in the language are different words that carry one meaning or similar meanings, such as: happiness and joy.The novel: It is a newly emerging literary art that is longer than the story, and is characterized by its narration of a large group of events in prose.This article consists of three chapters, and each chapter has different titlesChapter One: The Novel Dua ul kirwanThis chapter also includes various titles such as: the novel, its its author, its title, its location, and its main character&nbsp; and its main events.Chapter Two: The Novel God’s Village (Khuda Ki Basti)This chapter also includes various titles such as: the novel, its author, its title, and its location, its main character and its main events.Chapter Three: The synonymy between the novel The&nbsp; Dua ul Kirwan and the novel God’s VillageThis chapter also includes: synonyms in personality, synonyms in society, and synonyms in events.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Muhammad Ahsan Dr.Hafiz Akram Al Azhari Copyright (c) 2023 Peshawar Islamicus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-25 2023-12-25 14 02 105 132 فن الرواية بين اللغات واللھجات http://ojs.uopisl.pk/index.php/peshawarislamicus/article/view/140 <p>The Arabic novel is a beautiful tool for both knowledge and pleasure, and it makes the person more aware and sensitive to everything around him, and presents the image of Arab society from the outside and the inside in order to reveal what goes on in the heads of dreams and ideas through artistic texts. Technical construction . A novelist or a novelist character uses her to describe herself and other characters. It is used to narrate events and describe time and place. In it, the writer presents his ideas and expresses his feelings by presenting characters and events, and in this language the novel is completed on other literary arts.</p> <p>Creativity has never been confined to Arabs or Westerners to a refined language devoid of all blemishes in literature in general and in novels in particular. But the diversity of creativity at the level of linguistic use between the eloquence and sophistication of the language at one time and the vernacular or even local dialect at another time in the national literatures at different historical periods .</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Sadaf Muzafar Dr.Hafiz Muhammad Akram Al-Azhari Copyright (c) 2023 Peshawar Islamicus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-25 2023-12-25 14 02 133 154 Higher Education and Economic Development in Pakistan: An Appraisal DOI:10.5281/zenodo.8364072 http://ojs.uopisl.pk/index.php/peshawarislamicus/article/view/123 <p><em>Higher education is extremely important for a country's prosperity. Higher education is important at all levels of economic growth for various industries. Higher education boosts worker productivity, improves skills, and advances technology. Similarly, higher education is critical to a country's social and political stability. Tertiary education also contributes significantly to the enhancement of the country's level of living. The study is to investigate the contribution of higher education to Pakistan's per capita GDP. This study uses data from 1980 to 2022 and employs ARDL approaches to estimate coefficients, co-integration techniques to examine long co-integration among variables, and ECM to examine adjustment speed. Because the results of unit-root testing are mixed, ARDL approaches are more suited for data approximation. LFP, GKF, GE and territory education have long-term positive effects on economic development eventually. However, Government-spending (GE) has a positive influence on per capita income, while the rest of rest of variables have no effect on GDP in the near run. The study also discovered a long-run link between the variables, with a 52% pace of adjustment. As a result, this study shows that higher-education (later HE) has a favorable impact on Pakistan's economic-development. Due to a lack of data, this study is confined to HE as a whole and does not address the composition of HE. Therefore, the government should prioritize HE to boost Pakistan's economic development.</em></p> Dr Shabana Noreen Mr. Nasir Khan Farah Noreen Copyright (c) 2023 Peshawar Islamicus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-09-17 2023-09-17 14 02 1 12 Plastic Surgery from Islamic and Conventional Perspective: A Study of Pakistan DOI:10.5281/zenodo.10439327 http://ojs.uopisl.pk/index.php/peshawarislamicus/article/view/135 <p>This is the era where people are continuously informed about cosmetic surgeries and beauty procedures from social media. Nowadays, social media is become a common platform to interact with people and exchange their ideas. People are forced to believe that if they change their looks, they can change their whole life. Nowadays, social media become the most important factor contributing to people's social, mental, physical, and spiritual health. Social media is continuously conveying anti-obesity messages and lean body patterns, so in this way, it encourages the thought that a person’s body shows a person’s perception of beauty. The importance of beauty has been described in the Quran and Sunnah. Sharia not only embellished and motivated the decoration but also urged to adopt the methods of beautification staying within the limits set by Allah.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Ms. Shiza Fatima Dr. Masooma Batool Copyright (c) 2023 Peshawar Islamicus https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-25 2023-12-25 14 02 13 25