عقوبات جنائیہ کی تحدیدو تشکیل میں  ادلہ اربعہ کے  کردار کا علمی جائزہ

A scientific review of the role of adillah arba'ah in the limitation and formulation of criminal penalties DOI:10.5281/zenodo.8387389

Authors

  • Muhammad Noman Khalil Ph.D Research Scholar Qurtuba University of Science & Information Technology, Peshawar.
  • Prof. Dr. Mushtaq Ahmed Dean Faculty of Social Sciences Qurtuba University, Peshawar

Keywords:

scientific review, role, adillah arba'ah, limitation, formulation, criminal penalties.

Abstract

 Human history has witnessed that the attitude of the legislators of the World in the account of crime and punishment has always been subject to extremes.  Legislators made a law under a kind of sentiment, it remedied one defect to some extent but many other defects arose, when an attempt was made to remedy them, the other extreme arose.  Allah Almighty is aware of the ever-changing mood of human intellect and the limitations of human consciousness.  He did not like that the human intellect kept undermining the basic safeguards of human life with its new discoveries.  Therefore, out of perfect kindness, He Himself clearly defined the punishments for the principal crimes, and did not authorize anyone to change them.  Therefore, each punishment prescribed by Islam restores human dignity, provides peace and tranquility to the society, refines thoughts and actions to the human character, and goes beyond the class division and exploitation system of every human being.  It ensures protection of religion, life, wealth, intellect and heritage.  Islamic Shari'ah does not allow anyone to create legislation based on exaggeration, class and exploitation; rather it considers the establishment of justice and fairness as the main purpose of the Prophet's mission.  Therefore, in view of this, the article presents a scientific review of the role of Qur'an, Sunnah, Ijma'a and Qiyas in determining and forming the limits of criminal punishments, retribution and punishment.

 

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Published

2023-06-25

How to Cite

[1]
Muhammad Noman Khalil and Prof. Dr. Mushtaq Ahmed 2023. عقوبات جنائیہ کی تحدیدو تشکیل میں  ادلہ اربعہ کے  کردار کا علمی جائزہ: A scientific review of the role of adillah arba’ah in the limitation and formulation of criminal penalties DOI:10.5281/zenodo.8387389. Peshawar Islamicus. 14, 01 (Jun. 2023), 89–104.